Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman

Education is fundamental to nation building, providing every child with building blocks for success, which in the end shaped the nation's economic growth and social cohesion. It is imperative the children with autism talents be continuously cultivated and not be neglected. Children with autism...

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Main Author: Kamaruzaman, Muhamad Fairus
Format: Thesis
Language:English
Published: 2018
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Online Access:https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26880/1/TP_MUHAMAD%20FAIRUS%20KAMARUZAMAN%20AD%2018_5.pdf
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spelling my-uitm-ir.268802019-12-16T07:25:24Z Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman 2018 Kamaruzaman, Muhamad Fairus Visual education Education is fundamental to nation building, providing every child with building blocks for success, which in the end shaped the nation's economic growth and social cohesion. It is imperative the children with autism talents be continuously cultivated and not be neglected. Children with autism are conditions where children may exhibit developmental disabilities, communication obstacle, significant social, behavioural challenges and process information differently compared to their normal typical peers. Known as visual thinkers, the use of visual images as a visual support in the learning environment has been found effective for children with autism. The use of assistive learning technology such as tablets has gained state-of-the-art research interests as children with autism have an affinity with the mechanism. Nevertheless, research on assistive learning technology as intervention approach for children with autism is still at its experimental level, here in Malaysia. Research have shown it is important for children with autism to acquire fundamental skills to achieve some degree of independence. Despite large enhancements in early diagnosis and interventions, most children with autism are unlikely to live independently when they grow up. This qualitative study aims to 1) examine the current learning process for children with autism 2) determine how assistive learning technology application may influence the learning process for children with autism and 3) formulate the assistive learning technology application for children with autism. A touchscreen assistive learning numeracy application (TaLNA) was developed by using Adobe Flash Professional CS6 with Adobe AIR 19.0 integration and ActionScript 3.0. It works on a smartphone as well as a tablet device. TaLNA is an educational tool that consists of a learning module and learning activities with different learning outcomes. TaLNA focuses on children with learning disabilities in primary schools in Malaysia specifically for children with autism in Special Education Integration Program classes. The subject content was adapted and aligned with the Integrated Curriculum for Learning Disabilities issued by Ministry of Education Malaysia. In order to motivate the children with autism to concentrate and keep learning, an interactive agent was embedded inside the said apps. Thirty children with autism and six special education teachers from two integrated primary schools and one autism centre in the Klang Valley, Selangor, Malaysia participated in this research study. Based on the experimentation, direct observation and interview with the special education teachers as well as autism experts, it is shown that the children with autism gained positive attitude, increased self-confidence and obtained self-reliance in using the TaLNA. It is an aspiration that TaLNA could uplift the instructional learning environment for children with autism, which could avail boost in early childcare education (ECCE) and thus foster the quality of life for children with autism. 2018 Thesis https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26880/ https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26880/1/TP_MUHAMAD%20FAIRUS%20KAMARUZAMAN%20AD%2018_5.pdf text en public phd doctoral Universiti Teknologi MARA Faculty of Art and Design
institution Universiti Teknologi MARA
collection UiTM Institutional Repository
language English
topic Visual education
spellingShingle Visual education
Kamaruzaman, Muhamad Fairus
Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman
description Education is fundamental to nation building, providing every child with building blocks for success, which in the end shaped the nation's economic growth and social cohesion. It is imperative the children with autism talents be continuously cultivated and not be neglected. Children with autism are conditions where children may exhibit developmental disabilities, communication obstacle, significant social, behavioural challenges and process information differently compared to their normal typical peers. Known as visual thinkers, the use of visual images as a visual support in the learning environment has been found effective for children with autism. The use of assistive learning technology such as tablets has gained state-of-the-art research interests as children with autism have an affinity with the mechanism. Nevertheless, research on assistive learning technology as intervention approach for children with autism is still at its experimental level, here in Malaysia. Research have shown it is important for children with autism to acquire fundamental skills to achieve some degree of independence. Despite large enhancements in early diagnosis and interventions, most children with autism are unlikely to live independently when they grow up. This qualitative study aims to 1) examine the current learning process for children with autism 2) determine how assistive learning technology application may influence the learning process for children with autism and 3) formulate the assistive learning technology application for children with autism. A touchscreen assistive learning numeracy application (TaLNA) was developed by using Adobe Flash Professional CS6 with Adobe AIR 19.0 integration and ActionScript 3.0. It works on a smartphone as well as a tablet device. TaLNA is an educational tool that consists of a learning module and learning activities with different learning outcomes. TaLNA focuses on children with learning disabilities in primary schools in Malaysia specifically for children with autism in Special Education Integration Program classes. The subject content was adapted and aligned with the Integrated Curriculum for Learning Disabilities issued by Ministry of Education Malaysia. In order to motivate the children with autism to concentrate and keep learning, an interactive agent was embedded inside the said apps. Thirty children with autism and six special education teachers from two integrated primary schools and one autism centre in the Klang Valley, Selangor, Malaysia participated in this research study. Based on the experimentation, direct observation and interview with the special education teachers as well as autism experts, it is shown that the children with autism gained positive attitude, increased self-confidence and obtained self-reliance in using the TaLNA. It is an aspiration that TaLNA could uplift the instructional learning environment for children with autism, which could avail boost in early childcare education (ECCE) and thus foster the quality of life for children with autism.
format Thesis
qualification_name Doctor of Philosophy (PhD.)
qualification_level Doctorate
author Kamaruzaman, Muhamad Fairus
author_facet Kamaruzaman, Muhamad Fairus
author_sort Kamaruzaman, Muhamad Fairus
title Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman
title_short Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman
title_full Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman
title_fullStr Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman
title_full_unstemmed Developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman
title_sort developing touchscreen numeracy learning application for children with autism / muhamad fairus kamaruzaman
granting_institution Universiti Teknologi MARA
granting_department Faculty of Art and Design
publishDate 2018
url https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26880/1/TP_MUHAMAD%20FAIRUS%20KAMARUZAMAN%20AD%2018_5.pdf
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