Information system curriculum design model for institutions of higher learning
The Information System (IS) is important to Institution of Higher Learning (IHL) especially in the domain of curriculum design. Without the support of IS, curriculum designers in IHL faced difficulties during the curriculum design process. The difficulties include mapping of course learning ou...
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|The Information System (IS) is important to Institution of Higher Learning (IHL)
especially in the domain of curriculum design. Without the support of IS, curriculum
designers in IHL faced difficulties during the curriculum design process. The
difficulties include mapping of course learning outcome (CLO) to appropriate learning
domains, aligning CLO to teaching and learning activities, aligning CLO to assessment
tasks and meeting accreditation requirements such as student learning time. These tasks
are time-consuming, error-prone and tedious. This is further confirmed by preliminary
study conducted among 17 IHL in Malaysia. The findings of preliminary study show
that there is a need to have an IS for curriculum design which provides step-by-step
guidance in addressing issues faced by curriculum designers during the design process.
The literature concludes that there are numerous Curriculum Design Information
Systems, but lack of step-by-step guidance to curriculum designers. Through the
review of literature, it is also discovered that agent technology has not been adopted by
IS for curriculum design despite its benefits such as it helps to automate repetitive tasks,
as a result reducing time, error and effort of curriculum designers during curriculum
design process. The curriculum design process possesses many activities such as CLO
mapping and alignment. However, research on IS model for curriculum design that
provides guidance to accomplishing the tedious tasks is scarce. Therefore, the
availability of an IS model that can guide and assist curriculum designers both novices
and experienced ones during the design process might help in reducing time, error and
effort in their design. The main goal of this research is to introduce a model namely IS
Curriculum Design (ISCD) Model that provides guidance to guide and assist
curriculum designers during design process.
ISCD Model has the component of agent technology that is able to capture error and
provide services in terms of notification and suggestions to curriculum designers so
that they are guided during the design process. For this purpose, a literature study is first conducted to identify the relevant Curriculum Design Information Systems and
analyze their strengths and limitations. The structure of ISCD Model is based on three
basic IS activities of input-process-output (IPO). The components and subcomponents
of each activity are: Input consists of internal and external input; process consists of
curriculum database, curriculum design module which subscribes the services of
notification agent and curriculum design process which consists of step-by-step design
process; output includes alignment matrix and reports.
The appropriateness and importance of these components of the model are then verified
through expert review on curriculum design process in terms of its content and
sequence; and survey is conducted among ninety curriculum designers in IHL on the
proposed model. The results of expert review show the content and sequence of
curriculum design process component are appropriate and systematic; and the findings
of the survey show that all components and its subcomponents are agreed by
respondents to be important and all mean scores are above 3.0. Subsequently, the
ISCD Model is validated by being applied in the prototype. Then, a prototype namely
Chloe’s Curriculum Design Information System (C2DIS) is developed and a survey is
conducted to evaluate the usability and acceptance of the prototype. Eighty curriculum
designers in IHL who have knowledge and experience on curriculum design
participated in this survey.
The results of the survey show that the model is useful in terms of reducing time, error
and effort of curriculum designers. It is also demonstrated that ISCD Model can be
beneficial to curriculum designers in guiding and assisting them throughout the
curriculum design process. A technology acceptance test using Technology Acceptance
Model (TAM) is conducted to explore the impact of curriculum designers’ perceptions
pertaining to usefulness, ease of use, attitude towards and intention to use the system.
The findings indicate that C2DIS is an easy, effective and useful system to help
curriculum designers in designing curriculum. This brings about the positive frame of
mind towards using the system. This leads to the conclusion that ISCD Model can be
used by curriculum designers in performing their work in a systematic manner with
step-by-step guide during the design process.