Animal fats discrimination using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy and principal component analysis

Adulteration of lard in foods raises concerns among Muslims and Jews. To address this issue, laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) system is used in this work to differentiate various extracted animal fats in liquid form. However, laser-liquid interaction produces splashing due to the shockwav...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Hanasil @ Nasir, Nur Syaida
Format: Thesis
Published: 2020
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